This one’s tricky, so don’t feel bad if you’ve gotten it wrong in the past. Even the most worldly of whiskey enthusiasts muck up the terminology.
Whiskey is actually an overarching term for a group of spirits–and scotch and bourbon are types of whiskey. “Bourbon” is whiskey named for Bourbon County in Kentucky, while “Scotch” is named for Scotland. It gets trickier, though. True scotch is made in Scotland, but Bourbon can be made anywhere in America—including the great state of Texas!
Either of these types can be called by the general term “whiskey.” Other varieties include Irish, Japanese, Canadian and “American” (non-bourbon) whiskeys.